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Becoming an Australian citizen is the final legal step in one’s migration pathway. It is a process by which a non-Australian citizen volunteers to become an Australian citizen and pledge their loyalty to Australia and its people and in return are then entitled to its protection and to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of Australia.

Who Can Become An Australian Citizen

There are several ways in which one can become an Australian citizen and the most common pathways are via Conferral and Descent.

Citizenship by Descent

This is when citizenship is acquired automatically when a child is born in Australia and one or both of the parents are Australian citizens or permanent residents. Or when a child is born outside of Australia and one or both of the parents are Australian citizens.

Citizenship by Conferral

You will need to satisfy residential periods in Australia to become an Australian citizen by conferral in most cases. The general residency requirements are:

  • Have lived in Australia for at least 4 years;
  • Have held permanent residency for at least 12 months in the 4 years;
  • Have not been outside Australia for more than 12 more in the 4 years with no more than 3 months spent outside in the 12 months before application

There are other pathways such as applicants who are children of former Australian citizens or applicants adopted outside Australia by an Australian citizen.

If you are thinking of taking the important step of becoming an Australian citizen, don’t wait as laws may be passed to toughen the eligibility criteria of becoming a citizen. Call or Email us today for a free consultation to discuss your matter in confidence.

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